Diabetes occurs in two forms: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 usually develops at a young age. It’s caused by a damaged pancreas that produces very little or no insulin – the hormone your body needs to carry glucose to your cells. Only about 5 percent of people with diabetes have type 1.
Type 2 diabetes is often diagnosed later in life. With this type, it becomes harder and harder for your body to use the insulin it produces. Type 2 is much more common than type 1 – at least 90 percent of people with diabetes have this form.
Prevention and treatment
Type 1 diabetes can’t be prevented or cured. Genetics most likely play a role – its onset has nothing to do with diet or lifestyle. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin and follow other measures to manager their blood sugar.
On the other hand, type 2 diabetes can sometimes be prevented or delayed through a healthy diet, regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight. For some people with type 2, these practices may be enough to keep their blood sugar under control. Others may need to take medication or insulin.
Sources: American Diabetes Association
Feature photo by : Alden Chadwick
Not only is November men’s health month, but it is also National Diabetes Awareness Month. There are currently 29.1 million people who have diabetes and another 8.1 million people who are unaware of their condition. The American Diabetes Associations uses November to help spread awareness and raise funds to help find a cure. Here is what you need to know.
- Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the U.S.
- Insulin is naturally produced in the body and is used for energy.
- Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the body no longer makes insulin.
- Type 2 diabetes begins with insulin resistance where the body cannot use insulin to produce energy.
- Pre-diabetes is when blood sugar levels are higher than normal and is a sign of type 2 diabetes.
- 37% of adults (20+ years old) in the U.S have pre-diabetes.
- Having diabetes increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, and kidney disease.
Risk of Developing Diabetes
- 45 years or older
- Family history of diabetes
- Physical inactivity
- Diagnosed with gestational diabetes
- High blood pressure
Symptoms of Diabetes
- Unquenchable thirst
- Frequent urination
- Being tired all of the time
- Blurry eyesight
- Losing weight without trying
- Dry skin and mouth
- Fruity odor to the breath
- Shaking, and weakness
- Rapid heartbeat
- Slow healing
- Pain or numbness in the hands or feet
It is important to understand your risk of developing diabetes. Even if you have the signs and symptoms that are listed above it does not automatically mean you have diabetes. These signs and symptoms may be caused by other medical conditions. If you have any concerns it is important to get them looked at by your doctor. This November do your part and help spread awareness, it could help find a cure, save a life, and extend support.
Found out if you are at risk for type 2 diabetes by taking a simple risk test provided by the American Diabetes Association. Follow the link below.
American Diabetes Association Risk Test
Feature photo by Victor
Are you at risk for type-2 diabetes? Take an easy test from the American Diabetes Association HERE. After you finish the test, you will get information about what steps you can take next.
With obesity rates climbing, the number of Americans with prediabetes and type-2 diabetes is climbing too.
Being over-weight increases your chance of having type-2 diabetes. The good news, prediabetes is reversible when you choose to take action and make healthy choices. For a healthier lifestyle try to:
- Eat a healthy diet low in saturated fats and sugar
- Get active- even a little exercise can make a big impact
- Maintain a healthy weight- see the pounds drop as well as your blood pressure and sugar
- Kick the tobacco habit- quitting helps lower your risk for diabetes and heart disease
- Check in with your doctor to get the right medications to help you take control of your diabetes
Knowing your risks can help you make healthy choices. What are some ways you are living healthy? Leave a comment and let us know!
Feature photo by Robert Fornal
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